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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-59

Anthropometric study of cervical spine in adult Nepalese


1 Consultant, Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal
2 Medical Officer, Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Pankaj R Nepal
Consultant Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Neurological and Allied Sciences, Kathmandu, Bagmati
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10039-1128

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Introduction: Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) and cervical corpectomies are commonly performed procedures in the neurosurgery and orthopedic units across the world. The size of the graft or prosthesis used is variable on individual basis. Also, geographical variations seem to play oneof the vital roles in determining the size of the cervical vertebral body and intervertebral disk dimensions. Objective: To study dimension of C3 to C7 vertebral body and C2/3 to C7/T1 intervertebral disk. Inclusion criteria: Nepalese nationality aged between 18 to 60 year old and those with normal cervical spine Magnetic resonance imaging. Exclusion criteria: Traumatic cervical spine and any pathological lesion, such as infection/tumor, destructing the normal morphology of cervical vertebra. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Sample size: Fifty-two cases. Sampling technique: Nonprobability consecutive sampling. Duration: Retrospective 1 year. Results and conclusion: There were a total of 52 patients, 33 female and 19 male. With increasing age of C5 to C7, anterior-posterior (AP) diameter increases significantly. No significant association in different gender was noted. However, vertical height was smaller and AP diameter was in-between the study done at Israel and the US. Thus, there seems to exist geographical variation in the dimension of the cervical spine and may possess a greater clinical impact. The dimensions of the cervical spine may need to be considered while designing the prosthesis used in ACDF for Nepalese population.


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